Knowledge of archetypes dates back at least to the time of Plato. In more recent time the Swiss psychologist Carl Jung developed the idea of archetypes as they relate to the human condition. According to Jung, archetypes contain psychological patterns found in life roles that we are all familiar with, such as the Mother, Child, King, and Servant, as well as universal events or situations, including Initiation or Death and Rebirth. Jungís concept was that "there exists a second psychic system of a collective, universal, and impersonal nature that is identical in all individuals." This collective unconscious, he believed, was inherited rather than developed, and was composed mainly of archetypes.† .
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